Spring Cloud (Greenwich.RELEASE版 ) 教程 - hello world 服务注册 - 01
原创    java_world    发表于:2019-02-18 15:35:40
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Spring Cloud为开发人员提供了快速构建分布式系统中一些常见模式的工具(例如配置管理,服务发现,断路器,智能路由,微代理,控制总线)。分布式系统的协调导致了样板模式, 使用Spring Cloud开发人员可以快速地支持实现这些模式的服务和应用程序。

特性

  • Spring Cloud专注于提供良好的开箱即用经验的典型用例和可扩展性机制覆盖。

  • 分布式/版本化配置

  • 服务注册和发现

  • 路由

  • service - to - service调用

  • 负载均衡

  • 断路器

  • 分布式消息传递

hello world 服务注册

  • 创建服务端项目

整体结构如下

1

  • 创建maven项目helloworld-server,pom.xml如下

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
  xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
  <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

  <groupId>com.xx</groupId>
  <artifactId>helloworld-server</artifactId>
  <version>1.0.0</version>

  <name>helloworld-server</name>

  <parent>
    <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
    <version>2.1.0.RELEASE</version>
    <relativePath/>
  </parent>

  <properties>
    <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
    <spring-cloud.version>Greenwich.RELEASE</spring-cloud.version>
    <maven.compiler.source>1.8</maven.compiler.source>
    <maven.compiler.target>1.8</maven.compiler.target>
    <java.version>1.8</java.version>
  </properties>

  <dependencies>
    <!--eureka server -->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-netflix-eureka-server</artifactId>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-config</artifactId>
    </dependency>
    <!-- spring boot test-->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
      <scope>test</scope>
    </dependency>
  </dependencies>

  <dependencyManagement>
    <dependencies>
      <dependency>
        <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-cloud-dependencies</artifactId>
        <version>${spring-cloud.version}</version>
        <type>pom</type>
        <scope>import</scope>
      </dependency>
    </dependencies>
  </dependencyManagement>

  <!-- 添加spring-boot的maven插件 -->
  <build>
    <plugins>
      <plugin>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
      </plugin>
    </plugins>
  </build>

  <repositories>
    <repository>
      <id>spring-milestones</id>
      <name>Spring Milestones</name>
      <url>https://repo.spring.io/milestone</url>
      <snapshots>
        <enabled>false</enabled>
      </snapshots>
    </repository>
  </repositories>


</project>
  • 创建启动类EurekaServerApplication.java

package com.xx;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.cloud.netflix.eureka.server.EnableEurekaServer;

@EnableEurekaServer
@SpringBootApplication
public class EurekaServerApplication {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(EurekaServerApplication.class, args);
    }
}
  • 创建配置文件application.yml

server:
   port: 8761

eureka:
   instance:
       hostname: localhost
   client:
       registerWithEureka: false
       fetchRegistry: false
       serviceUrl:
           defaultZone: http://${eureka.instance.hostname}:${server.port}/eureka/
  • 运行类EurekaServerApplication,浏览器访问http://localhost:8761/

3

"No instances available" 表示无client注册

创建客户端项目

  • 整体结构如下

4

  • 创建maven项目helloworld-client,pom.xml如下

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
  xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
  <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

  <groupId>com.xx</groupId>
  <artifactId>helloworld-client</artifactId>
  <version>1.0.0</version>

  <name>helloworld-client</name>
  <parent>
    <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
    <version>2.1.0.RELEASE</version>
    <relativePath/>
  </parent>

  <properties>
    <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
    <spring-cloud.version>Greenwich.RELEASE</spring-cloud.version>
    <maven.compiler.source>1.8</maven.compiler.source>
    <maven.compiler.target>1.8</maven.compiler.target>
    <java.version>1.8</java.version>
  </properties>

  <dependencies>
    <!--eureka server -->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-netflix-eureka-client</artifactId>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
    </dependency>
    <!-- spring boot test-->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
      <scope>test</scope>
    </dependency>
  </dependencies>

  <dependencyManagement>
    <dependencies>
      <dependency>
        <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-cloud-dependencies</artifactId>
        <version>${spring-cloud.version}</version>
        <type>pom</type>
        <scope>import</scope>
      </dependency>
    </dependencies>
  </dependencyManagement>

  <!-- 添加spring-boot的maven插件 -->
  <build>
    <plugins>
      <plugin>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
      </plugin>
    </plugins>
  </build>

  <repositories>
    <repository>
      <id>spring-milestones</id>
      <name>Spring Milestones</name>
      <url>https://repo.spring.io/milestone</url>
      <snapshots>
        <enabled>false</enabled>
      </snapshots>
    </repository>
  </repositories>

</project>
  • 创建启动类EurekaClientApplication.java

package com.xx;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.cloud.netflix.eureka.EnableEurekaClient;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

@SpringBootApplication
@EnableEurekaClient
@RestController
public class EurekaClientApplication {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(EurekaClientApplication.class, args);
    }

    @RequestMapping("/")
    public String home() {
        return "hello world ";

    }
}
  • 创建配置文件application.yml

eureka:
    client:
        serviceUrl:
            defaultZone: http://localhost:8761/eureka/
server:
    port: 8762
spring:
    application:
        name: helloworld-client
  • 运行类EurekaClientApplication,浏览器访问http://localhost:8762/

5


  • 刷新服务端页面http://localhost:8761/

6

helloworld-client已经自动注册到之前的server中

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